Genuineness, Non-Judgmentality, and Empathy are the ground for which counselling thrives on.
Counselling is a theory-based, skilled, and principled use of therapeutic relationship to facilitate emotional acceptance and growth, self-knowledge, and the optimal development of personal resources. Counselling meets the needs of a wide spectrum of people who may be concerned with mental wellness, personal growth, interpersonal conflict, career, and psychopathology. It is a service sought by people in distress or in some degree of confusion who wish to discuss and resolve these in a relationship, which is more confidential and disciplined than friendship, and less stigmatizing than helping relationships offered in traditional medical or psychiatric settings. At heart, counselling involves working with relationships, which helps clients find meaning and make adjustment in important areas such as intimate relationships, families, schools, and careers. (The British Association for Counselling, 1986).
Counselling has been described as a continuous process cycling within 5 stages:
Stage 1. Establishing rapport or therapeutic relationship
Stage 2. Accessing or defining of the presenting problem
Stage 3. Identifying and setting goals
Stage 4. Choosing and initiating interventions
Stage 5. Follow-up and adjust strategy or Planning termination of therapy
Read more at